St Joseph's Catholic Primary School

Love, Learn, Grow.


Phonics at St Joseph's

Phonics teaches children the link between the written letter and the sound that the written letter/s makes. Children can use this knowledge to spell and read words.

We teach phonics in school through a systematic teaching programme called ‘Letters and Sounds.’ Phonics is taught daily and the sounds are taught in a particular order.

There are 6 phases of phonics starting in our pre-school and through to year 2.

Phonics explained

Parent Training

How to pronounce each sound

Phonics screening 

In Year 1, pupils will have the Phonics Screening Check. This is meant to show how well your child can use the phonics skills they’ve learned up to the end of Year 1.

Phase 1 Phonics

Phase 2 Phonics
You will find a lot of phonics activities online. We have made QR codes so that you can easily access them. You can download a QR scanner for free on your phone or tablet. This will then take you directly to the activities for your chosen sound. Enjoy!

Phase 2 sounds, activites and handwriting

Click on the pdf above (phase 2 phonics) for more activities like the one you can see here!

Alien Words

Alien words are made up words. They are used to support children's blending. They are lots of fun too!

Alien words Phase 2

Phase 3 Phonics
Alien words

Phase 3 Alien words

Tricky words Phase 2-5


'Tricky words' are words that are not decodable. They often have a tricky sound in them. For example, if we try to sound out the word 'was' you would hear the sounds w-o-s instead of w-a-s. The 'a' is the tricky/rotten sound in this word.

Phase 4 Phonics

Phase 4 tricky and decodable words

Phase 5 Phonics

Phase 5 tricky and decodable words

Sound Families (alternative spellings of sounds)

Alternative spellings of sounds

Phase 6 Phonics


A suffix is a letter or group of letters that goes on the end of a word and changes the word's meaning.

Sometimes they also change the original word's spelling. When adding a suffix you might have to double the last letter. For example when adding 'ed' to 'drop' you also double the p so it becomes 'dropped'.

Some suffixes have specific uses. Adding ‘ing’ can change a noun into a verb eg 'garden' to 'gardening'. While ‘ed’ can put a verb in the past tense eg 'jump' to 'jumped'.

Useful websites